If you’re an avid CBD user, you probably already know that not all CBD products are equal. On top of the quality of product, the type of CBD you are using makes a huge difference in its effectiveness.
Obviously, the format through which you take CBD will affect your experience–whether that’s oil drops, pills, edibles, topicals, or otherwise. But the type of CBD doesn’t just mean the form you’re using. The three main types of CBD extract refers to the three most popular methods of extraction for creating CBD oil.
These categories include:
- CBD isolate
- Broad spectrum CBD
- Full Spectrum CBD
CBD isolate sounds like what it is. It is concentrated CBD extract that contains only CBD. With isolate, other cannabinoids and chemicals present in the hemp plant are filtered out during the extraction process. This also removes many terpenes, natural compounds present in many plants that can affect flavor, taste, and sometimes even the effects of the herb.
Broad Spectrum CBD
Broad spectrum CBD, unlike CBD isolate, contains many remaining cannabinoids and other terpenes that are naturally present in the hemp plant. Though the effects of many cannabinoids have not yet been fully studied, many of them do interact with the body and the endocannabinoid system in some way. This means that broad spectrum CBD can have different impacts than CBD isolate. However, the impacts of additional cannabinoids might range in subtlety for certain users.
It is important to note that while broad spectrum CBD does contain other cannabinoids, it does not include the cannabinoid THC. THC is the primary cannabinoid active in marijuana, and responsible for the plant’s psychoactive and mind altering effects. Without THC, CBD products do not produce the “high” associated with marijuana.
Full Spectrum CBD
Similarly to broad spectrum CBD, full spectrum CBD also includes other cannabinoids present in the plant. However, Full spectrum CBD still contains THC.
The presence of high amounts of THC can affect the legality of certain CBD products. If a product has a THC content above 0.3%, it is not legal for over-the-counter purchasing in states in which marijuana is illegal. In states with legalized marijuana, only individuals over 21 can purchase full spectrum hemp products.
Sourcing CBD Extract
Now that you know about the differences between types of CBD, you might be wondering how exactly they are produced. Vaguely speaking, CBD extract is the oil sourced from cannabis plants with a variety of different approaches. To learn about the details and different types of CBD, you might enjoy this interesting article that explains the process in depth.
Another point of confusion can be the question of what plant CBD is sourced from. Does it come from Marijuana? Or a different plant related to marijuana? This is understandably a confusing grey area. The answer is far easier to understand by explaining the difference between marijuana and other forms of cannabis.
Marijuana vs. Hemp vs. Cannabis
In short, marijuana and hemp are both related variations of the same plant, the cannabis plant. Basically, marijuana and hemp are both cannabis, but they are not the same as one another.
Cannabis refers to all forms of the species. Marijuana and hemp differ in their cannabinoid content. Generally speaking, hemp contains no more than the legal limit of 0.3% THC that qualifies the plant as legal and not subjected to the harsher substance control laws surrounding THC. Marijuana, on the other hand, contains high amounts of THC, and has a different set of laws surrounding its production, those of which vary by state.
CBD extract can in fact be sourced from both types of cannabis. However, sourcing CBD from hemp is typically easier in terms of growing hemp and complying to government regulations. Hemp itself is a less controlled crop than Marijuana. Additionally, the extraction process with hemp can be easier because it does not require all the THC to be filtered out. It is important to note that hemp extraction can still produce Full Spectrum CBD, although the THC will remain under the legal limit.
To learn more about differences in the cannabis plant, feel free to check out Silver Rain’s hemp flower blog for interesting information!